Organic Farming PPT and PDF Download: Organic farming works in peace and friendship with nature rather than going against nature and this organic farming involves the use of distinct methods to achieve the best yields of a crop. In this, the good yield of the crop is produced by harming the health of the people who live and work in those farms and also it does not harm the natural environment.
The techniques and materials used in the organic farms by the organic farmers are explained below:. The following techniques and materials are availed to build and keep the good fertility and good soil structure:. The below techniques and materials are used to control the pests, weeds, and diseases:.
The practices of organic farming also involve the following:. A Modern Approach to Farming: Practicing the organic farming does not mean that we are going back and using the old and traditional methods because there many old techniques of farming which is still used today.
Organic farming takes the best techniques and combines those with the new scientific methods. Farmers who practice the organic farming does not leave their farms totally upon nature, instead, they avail the complete knowledge, methods, and materials to work with nature. By doing like this, the farmers maintain a balance to grow animals and crops. Why Organic Farming? The organic farming does not furnish long-term benefits to the environment and also to the people because organic farming aims the following:.
The intensive and modern agriculture causes many difficulties and they are the following:. Crop nutrition: To generate a healthy crop, an organic farmer needs to manage the soil in the farm. The maintenance of the soil involves the following considerations:. Choice of crops: Each crop and variety of the crop have its own specific requirements.1 Farming System for Sustainable Agriculture
In few places, the crop grows well and in few places, it does not grow well because the crops are affected by the following:. So, it is necessary to learn about the local conditions suited in growing the crops and need to select the crop according to that. Rotations: Growing the same type of crops in the same field year after year decreases the fertility of the soil and encourages the building up of pests, weeds, and diseases in the soil.
So, the crops should be moved to a distinct area of land and should not return to the original land for many years.
For example, a rotation of 3 to 4 year is recommended for the vegetables. Fig1: A simple Rotation which includes a legume. Composting: The composting is an organic matter i.
Fig2: The Layers of a Compost Heap. Mulching: Mulching is nothing but the covering of the ground with the layer of loose material like leaves or crop residues dry grass, straw, manure, and compost. Green manures: The green manures are called as cover crops and these are the plants which are grown to enhance the nutrient content, organic matter content, and structure of the soil. All you need to do is just sena india on the download link and get it.
If you liked it then please share it or if you want to ask anything then please hit comment button.The challenges foreseen in agriculture as far as the need to double food supply is concerned are now putting agricultural sustainability at par with ensuring food security. There is a need for a resource efficient global food system that takes into consideration the aspect of sustainability.
For example, if you are struggling to ensure efficiency in how you use water in your farm, ways of reducing soil erosion and ensuring minimum degradation, or even minimizing energy input, you are not alone. Every farmer all over the work hopes to achieve all these and other goals at the minimum possible cost. However, such goals post some of the highest requirements in agriculture which cannot be achieved successfully through traditional approaches of farming.
With the increase in the demands and the need for sustainable agriculture, it is becoming really necessary for farmers and the associated stakeholders to invest a lot in knowledge and more sophisticated machines and devices. In this article, we discuss, in depth, the subject of smart farming and its role in developing sustainable agriculture.
Overview of Smart Farming. Smart farming is a modern farming concept that looks into the use of technology to improve agricultural production while at the same time lowering the inputs significantly. As it is, smart farming is an information-driven farming approach, which increases the need for it to be observed. This approach applies measures that are economically and ecologically meaningful to achieve improved output in production. Smart farming runs on the principles of precision farming such as the use of GPS guidance in the application of measures that are site-specific.
However, given that precision farming is primarily focusing on the adoption of certain farming technology, the implementation of auto-piloted harvesters and tractors, among other devices and farm machinery, shifts the approach to an holistic and more rounded approach where the focus is not only on spatial precision but to smartest treatment. The typical issues that smart farming targets to solve include aspects such as how much fertilizer one needs to apply, time of application, and the specific area to be applied, which resources are needed for plant protection, and related aspects.
However, the field of agriculture faces a manifold information challenge. Most farmers have very small plots where they produce food; a situation that leads to the implementation of high spatial and temporal measures on any monitoring system used. In addition, complex information is needed for better results where smart farming is used. How does smart farming promote sustainable agriculture?
Smart farming and sustainable agriculture rely on the availability of data. Smart farming supports sustainable as well as cost-effective agriculture through the combination of navigation satellites, and earth observation input to make it easy for farmers to make informed decision when farming.
For example, the use of sensors helps farmers make decision on how, where, and when to allocate certain resources to improved ecological and economic outputs.
In addition to genetic modification and crop selection, smart farming seems to be taking the green revolution route through the use of innovative farming techniques and tools.
For example, farmers can now use drones, geolocators, and sensors to improve their farming practices. Generally, this approach involves the use of networked technology to achieve certain production goals and in the process support sustainable agriculture. Trends indicate that the continued implementation of smart farming in agriculture will help in the alleviation of some of the food security problems experienced in different parts of the world nowadays.
Sustainability in agriculture can be achieved through proper use of data in decision making. In fact, innovative farming is considered an offshoot of data analysis and mathematics. Each day, farmers experience a series of variables ranging from diversity in the composition of soil to change in climate. Such variations need proper analysis for the right farming practice to be implemented. Smart farming which emphasises on the use of big data in decision making can help deal with some of these problems appropriately and achieve any set production goals.
Earth observation has been used since the olden days but the advanced in technology as presented in smart farming approaches has ensured the collection of quality satellite data. Such advancement accounts for excellent time series of data such as biomass development, crop types, farming practices, and calamities.
Unlike in the past, nowadays farmers can use smart farming approaches to collect data and make informed decision from it.
There are are diverse data analysis techniques that farmers can use. For example, though smart technology, farmers can establish the fertility of their farmland through the analysis and the comparison of satellite images and in the end use the data to derive the yield potential of a given land.When you take a walk through the authentic Romanian countryside, you will see people working on their fields from the early morning until the evening. You will see them manually weeding rows of corn and beans, you will see them carefully planting potatoes, cabbage, onions, carrots, or beets on some plots, while sowing clover and alfalfa over other parts as animal fodder.
Every inch of their land is utilized for producing food for their families and their animals. These are subsistence farmers. Their land is their biggest treasure and they care for it more than they care for their own health, often working outside under the scorching summer sun to ensure the best harvest, to stack up hay rich in meadow flowers from their high-value grasslands, or spending all day in the rain preparing the soil for the next season.
These people have unique relationship with the land. Their families have been farming the same land for generations and the first lesson they have learnt was to do it sustainably. Otherwise, their harvest would fail. They would end up hungry in the winter. They would have to watch their kids and animals suffer. While it is clear that not everyone can become a subsistence farmer and agriculture needs to supply increasing amounts of food to growing populations at low prices, it is also clear that it cannot be achieved in the highly industrial and damaging manner it has been doing in the last few decades.
We have increasing evidence that in many places this has led to soil degradation and environmental pollution which impairs health of many people even far away from the affected areas. This time, when we are challenged by the changing climate, calls for a smarter approach to farming.
An approach for the long-term sustainability of our food production systems. A sustainable food system is one that does not require chemicals, conserves energy and water, emphasizes local production, decreases inputs and utilizes resources more efficiently on site, values biodiversity and ecology, and works within our global natural resource limitations.
Unlike intensive agriculture, sustainable farming has a great potential for benefiting the environment and preserving natural resources. It does so by following natural cycles, recycling nutrients and water, while omitting excessive use of agricultural chemicals.
Our wellbeing is closely linked to the health of the environment where we live. Since sustainable farming methods affect the environment in a positive way, they also contribute to our quality of life.
Sustainable Agriculture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Firstly, and most importantly, sustainable agriculture produces safe food with high nutritional value.After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play. Get the plugin now. Toggle navigation. Help Preferences Sign up Log in. To view this presentation, you'll need to allow Flash. Click to allow Flash After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play. View by Category Toggle navigation. Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Title: Sustainable Agriculture.
Description: Sustainable Agriculture. Tiffany Robinson. The onset of the industrial age Many farmers in these countries choose to grow cash crops rather than Tags: agriculture sustainable tiffany. Latest Highest Rated. Title: Sustainable Agriculture 1 Sustainable Agriculture Tiffany Robinson 2 Trends The onset of the industrial age brought about various trends that have led us to our present state.
The quick rise in population. More people to feed. The greater need for production. Farms required to produce more. The increase in urbanism. Less farms to do more work. Wide-spread ecological impacts. Faith in technological, political and economic fixes. Today, less developed countries are following a similar trend. Many farmers in these countries choose to grow cash crops rather than subsistence crops.
Regions reliant upon cash crops tend to develop adverse, long term environmental problems. Under that law, the term sustainable agriculture means an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will, over the long term satisfy human food and fiber needs enhance environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agricultural economy depends make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls sustain the economic viability of farm operations enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.
Inherent to this goal is the understanding that sustainability must be extended not only globally, but indefinitely in time, and to all living organisms including humans.
Simply stated, sustainable agriculture refers to the ability of a farm to produce food indefinitely, without causing irreversible damage to ecosystem health. Today 80 of crop production worldwide relies on rainfall.
Meso-American farms are often looked upon as proof of past functioning sustainable agricultural systems. Crop rotation keeps the soil healthy. Mixed farms allows the uses of livestock manure. Conserving natural areas protects our environment. Small changes in practices can help, rather than harm, the environment.
Grass-fed livestock control weeds without chemicals or mowing.Agricultural farming systems arise as a matter of necessity. Over the years many factors have influenced farming systems. These factors include. In this system of farming, the farmer grows only crops, unlike mixed or pastoral farming. Crops produced include annual crops eg.
You can practice this system either on a small scale or on a commercial scale. Mixed farming is an agricultural farming system where the farmer cultivates crops and raise animals simultaneously on the same piece of land. Different crops with different maturity periods are grown at the same time. There is continuous cropping throughout the season. Subsistence farming is where the farmer produces food for himself and his family. Farming is usually done on relatively small land holding with simple farm tools.
It is perceived, the farmers in this system are poor and do not use fertilisers and improved seeds as much as they should. Productivity is usually low. Moreover, facilities like electricity and irrigation are mostly not available to them. This piece of land is used to grow crops for three to five years. The farmer abandons this land after it loses its fertility for a fallow period.
The process is repeated and the farmer may come back to cultivate former lands after it has been left for years to regain its fertility. The practice is discouraged in modern days due to the scarcity of fertile lands. The government also discourages the practice due to the dangers it poses to forest reserves and nature.
It is an unsustainable agricultural practice. Also known as tree crop farming, it is one of the agricultural farming systems, where the farmer grows a sole crop on a relatively large piece of land. It is usually done on commercial bases with a substantial amount of capital investment. The system requires good management and technical know-how. It may also require the use of machines, fertilizers, irrigation and other facilities.
In this system, farmers make use of the available feed resources to feed the livestock. Farmers do not move livestock, like in the case of nomadic farming.
Farmers establish pasture lands for the livestock.It is a set of site specific ranching and farming practices designed to meet current and future needs for food, fiber, energy, and ecosystem services including, but not limited to, soil conservation, clean water and biodiversity.
Sustainable agriculture emphasizes production and food systems that are profitable, environmentally sound, energy efficient and improve the quality of life for both farmers and the public. What are the Successes and Failures of current agricultural system? It should be economically sustainable. It should be environmentally sound. It should be socially sustainable. Learn more about Scribd Membership Home.
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Organic Farming PPT and PDF Download
Sustainable agriculture. Uploaded by Aditya Kanwal. Document Information click to expand document information Description: Introductory slides on sustainable agriculture. Date uploaded Jul 28, Did you find this document useful? Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document.
Description: Introductory slides on sustainable agriculture. Flag for inappropriate content. Download Now. Related titles.
Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Fundamentals of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. Jump to Page. Search inside document. SUCCESSES: - abundant food supply in the developed world - fresh fruits and vegetables available yearround - cheap and accessible food - non cereal crops such as coffee, tea, cocoa, and spices easily available around the world. Related Searches Agriculture Sustainable agriculture. Documents Similar To Sustainable agriculture.
Jutta Pflueg. Sohel Bangi. International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development.After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play. Get the plugin now. Toggle navigation. Help Preferences Sign up Log in. To view this presentation, you'll need to allow Flash.
Click to allow Flash After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play. View by Category Toggle navigation. Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics.
Title: Sustainable Agriculture. Tags: agriculture sustainable. Latest Highest Rated. The goal is to sustainably produce enough food and fiber and repair the damage caused by the process. The Past and the Future. Old methods that have been long forgotten and new technologies we have yet to try out. Contour farming works across the hill rather than down, slowing down the erosive process.
Strip-farming allows the farmer to harvest one crop while leaving the other crop behind to hold the soil in place. The problem you have to pay to seed it and that costs. This can provide a source of fertilizer for the next crop or allows for a double harvest.
It can also improve the soil. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use.